Fibroma Uterine is a benign tumor that affects about 50% of women in the age group of 30 to 50 years. In addition, the uterine fibroma develops from the smooth muscle tissue of the myometrial uterus, also called the uterine fibroid. A single cell divides repeatedly and wildly, until it creates a distinct mass of nearby tissues.
Some fibroids go through growth outbreaks, and some may shrink on their own. In fact, many fibroids that occur during pregnancy tend to shrink or disappear after delivery. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors of the uterus, which often appear during the fertile age. Uterine fibroids are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.
For those who have symptoms, the most common are:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Menstrual periods prolonged seven days or more of menstrual bleeding
- Atypical monthly bleeding, sometimes with blood clots
- Pelvic pressure or pain
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty emptying the bladder
- Pain during intercourse
Other fibroid growth factors: substances that help the body maintain tissues can affect the growth of fibroids.
Genetic changes: Many fibroids contain changes in the genes that differentiate them from the normal cells of the uterine muscle. There is also some evidence that myomas are more common among members of the same family and that identical twins are more likely to have fibroids compared to non-identical twins.
Hormone factors: estrogen and progesterone, two hormones that stimulate the development of the endometrium during each menstrual cycle, in order to prepare it for pregnancy, when in imbalance can promote the growth of fibroids. Myomas may contain more estrogen and progesterone receptors than normal muscle cells in the uterus. In addition, some fibroids tend to decrease after menopause, probably because hormone production also decreases
Treatment of Uterine Fibroma: There is no single approach to the treatment of uterine fibroid. If you have symptoms, talk to your doctor about the options that are most appropriate for you. Many women with uterine fibroma experience no symptoms, or just mild, mildly irritating signs. If this is your case, medical follow-up, without necessarily using any medication or having surgery, may be the best option.
For women whose uterine fibroid symptoms are uncomfortable with daily activities or more advanced cases, there are some treatment modalities:
- Hormone medications to prevent ovule development
- (IUD) progesterone releaser
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain
- Supplement of vitamins and iron, due to the nutrients requested in the bleeding.