Signs that may indicate breast cancer are related to visible changes, such as differences in shape or breast tenderness, for example. These signs or symptoms may occur in both women and men and, when discovered early, may increase the chances of a cure.
Breast cancer is still the most common form of cancer among women, occupying the first place in incidence in the Northeast, South and Southwest regions, in the proportion of 22.84%, 24.14% and 23.83%. Moreover, in Brazil, it is the first cause of death among women, because unfortunately, the cases that come to our hands, are already at an advanced stage.
There is an aphorism that says: “the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the possibility of cure.” Stronger measures are therefore urged to reduce this mortality rate which could be avoided if the population became aware of the need for an early diagnosis. Breast Cancer is mainly affected by women but can also occur in men (approximately 1% of cases).
Most people ignore certain signals that the body sends out to warn that maybe something is not right. It is true that we do not always have to worry about some symptoms, but we can not ignore them either, since we do not know when they are announcing a serious health problem.
In the case of Breast Cancer, experts insist that timely detection is the most effective measure to halt their impact and increase life expectancy. So check out the 14 signs that may indicate breast cancer.
- Nipple sinking: This is one of the main signs that can indicate a breast cancer. Well, when examining the breasts, it is very important to carefully observe the nipples to see if they are normal and do not present any changes. In addition, the retraction or sinking of the nipples is a near-evident symptom of breast cancer.
- Breast or Nodules: This is another major sign that may indicate breast cancer. Well, most nodules are usually benign, but still we should be aware. In addition, For years we have been warned that breast lumps may be warning us of cancer. However, their appearance does not always indicate Breast Cancer, since they may also arise from an infection or cysts.
- Injured in the breasts: If a wound or ulcer that does not heal appears, it is good to stay alert and seek a doctor.
- Secretion or Sensitivity: This is one of the main signs that can indicate a breast cancer. Well, feeling sensitive breasts is not normal, and besides this symptom, Breast Cancer may have some blood spots on the breasts.
- Breast pain: In the early stages, it is uncommon to feel pain in the breasts when tightening or palpating the breasts a little. However, when the disease begins to progress, it is very common to feel tenderness and pain in the breasts when touching them. It is important to remember that we must be careful not to confuse it with the pain that appears every month because of premenstrual tension, or some infection such as mastitis.
- Change in breast size or shape: Any change must be taken into account.
- Chest nipple changes: If you do not have any birth defects on your nipples and notice that it has begun to retract, to be pulled in like a gloved or thickened gloved finger, with or without pain, it may be a sign Of cancerous tumor.
- Change in the skin around the nipple: If you notice that the skin around the chest is hotter, flaky, red or swollen, you should also seek help.
- One breast is increasing the volume: The increase in breast volume may be due to benign functional breast alteration (AFBM) or a malignant tumor present, causing inflammation due to the spread of cancer cells. If breast augmentation is not due to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy or breastfeeding, medical consultation is important, especially if it occurs in only one breast and there is pain, redness and sweating on all surfaces or only part of it
Other signs that may indicate breast cancer:
- Redness, swelling, warmth or pain in the skin of the breast;
- Asymmetry between the two breasts, as, for example, one much larger than the other;
- Hardening of the skin of the breast, similar to orange peel;
- Frequent itching of the breast or nipple;
- Formation of scabs or sores on the skin near the nipple;
What are the risk factors ?: Breast Cancer affects mostly women, but it can also develop in men. Its main risk factors include:
- Being a woman over 54
- Having a family history of breast cancer
- Have started the menstrual cycle before the age of 13
- Having a late or early menopause
- You are overweight
- Not Having Children